Liver cirrhosis is one of the fatal diseases that have very drastic effects on the whole body. Cirrhosis is the poor condition of liver and damage to caused to the liver by the weather condition and sedentary lifestyle or the excessive burden on the liver due to the alcoholism or the imbalanced diet. The world is now facing the wrath of liver diseases due to the improper diet schedule and unhealthy diet lack of exercise is also a serving factor of the liver cirrhosis. This condition ay prevent functioning of liver by blocking the passage that can slow the normal supply of nutrients and hormones, drugs and toxins produced naturally from the body. It also blocks the production of certain necessary enzymes and proteins required for the process of digestion.
DAMAGES THAT CAN CAUSE THE LIVER CIRRHOSIS
- fatty liver due to obesity or steroid consumption.
- Prolonged viral infection.
- Genetic factors.
- Cystic fibrosis.
- Hereditary conditions.
- Prolonged exposure to the toxins.
- Auto immune diseases
- Alcohol abuse.
- Hepatitis b
- Hepatitis c
- Metabolic disorder ( Wilson’s disease)
Symptoms of cirrhosis can be vary for the different persons and different intensity of cirrhosis some of them are listed below.
- Loss of appetite.
- Sudden Weight loss
- Sudden weight gain.
- Yellow or itchy skin.
- A yellowish or orange colored urine.
- Light colored stool.
- Mood swings.
- Misjudgment due to confusion.
The liver cirrhosis can be diagnosed by the conventional blood test and physical examination. But liver biopsy is needed to determine the level of the damage caused to the liver cells and level of scarring. Liver transplant with the matching donor was the only treatment available at the old times but now in generation of new technological advancement the stem cell therapy emerged as the treatment for the liver cirrhosis and the stem cell therapy is very convenient and successful treatment for the liver cirrhosis .
STEM CELL THERAPY FOR LIVER CIRRHOSIS
Stem cells are known to have property of differentiation into the different types of cells we can use them according to our use. So the stem cells are then isolated from the bone marrow or the adipose tissue then they are sent to the laboratory for the specific selection then the specific stem cells are sent back to the hospitals for inoculation into the patient . they travel to the liver and differentiate into the hepatic cells and they replace the damaged or died cells therefore causing the liver to work again They also secrete hormones or factors that prevents the apoptosis of viable cells and stimulate cell replication of host cells.
OBSERVATIONS AFTER THE THERAPY
The improvement of liver functions can be observed by the enzyme secretion of the liver and they show noticeable presence in the sonography. The normal blood components level is also a factor that shows that the liver is functioning normally the overall improvement can be seen in the structure of the liver and the reduced scarring of liver.